The Effect of Fetal Bovine Serum Concentration towards Vero Cells Growth on Culture in DMEM Medium
Cell culture requires a suitable medium and environment for in vivo conditions. Conditions are created by regulating temperature, pH, oxygen, CO2, osmotic pressure, surfaces to adhere to cells, nutrients, and vitamins, protection against toxic substances, hormones, and growth factors that regulate cell growth and differentiation. In general, good cell growth occurs at a pH of 7.0 - 7.6. Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) is one of the supplement media to support cell growth. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using FBS supplementation with various concentrations on vero cell culture media on DMEM (Dulbecco's modified eagle medium) media. Vero cell culture on DMEM media has been successfully carried out using FBS by observing its growth for 14 days. Vero cell culture process begins with the manufacture of media consisting of DMEM and FBS. The cell density of each well at 5% and 10% concentration media was 1017 cells/well. By varying the concentration of FBS in the culture medium, the difference in the number of cells produced can be observed under the microscope. The results showed that the number of Vero cells produced from DMEM media with 10% FBS concentration was higher than 5% FBS concentration. Thus, this study proves that the higher the concentration of FBS in the medium, the more it supports the cell growth process in the Vero cell culture process.
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